Bipolar is a severe mental disorder that affects a person’s mood; it can cause a major swing in mood, feelings, actions and energy, with possible episodes of mania or depression. It can affect anyone but usually develops before a person reaches 20 years of age, however can still develop before the age of 40 but rarely after that. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can make it difficult for a person to live their daily life, these include mania, hypomania, depression and psychosis. It is suggested that bipolar can be related to a person’s genetics, a brain chemical imbalance or environmental factors, however there is not clear cause.
There are different types of bipolar, Bipolar 1 and Bipolar 2, as well with different mood states, and the diagnosis of these will depend on the severity of the episodes. A GP will refer a person to a psychiatrist if they consider them to have signs that suggest they have bipolar; the psychiatrist will be the person to make this diagnosis. Bipolar disorder can be similar to other mental health problems and affects people differently, therefore increasing the difficulty of the diagnosis. Unfortunately, there is no cure for bipolar disorder and therefore it must be managed with treatments such as medication and therapy as well as self management of moods.
World Bipolar Day is celebrated on the 30th March every year with the vision of educating people on bipolar disorder in hope to remove the stigma attached to the disorder. To encourage compassion for each other we should be open-minded and take time to learn about the world. I learnt many things about bipolar disorder from Rethink Mental Illness and Bipolar UK. #WorldBipolarDay
Have a nice day!