Throughout the year we experience a variety of changes in weather, temperature and lightness, we know this as seasons. How seasons occur is an incredible phenomenon and we should make the effort to understand this. When we are at school we are taught the basics of seasons and changes in weather, but as we grow up we tend to disregard the importance of this.
In basic terms, seasons occur because the earth rotates on a tilted axis – a line through from the north pole to the south – and orbits around the Sun, therefore different countries will lean towards and away from the sun throughout the year. Parts of the earth closest to the sun will experience hotter climates whilst the ones further away will be colder. This means that countries either side of the equator will experience seasons at different times of the year. Whilst countries towards the equator will be warm throughout and don’t experience four season, more simple as wet or dry. Places around the poles will experience full days of darkness during winter and full days of light during summer.
Summer occurs in June to September in countries above the equator and in December to March in countries below. When countries are nearest the Sun, they experience lighter, longer days with hotter temperatures. Temperatures are high during the day and don’t drop much going into the evening and night. Most trees are full of life with vibrant green leaves and fruits producing.
Coming in to autumn the temperature starts to cool down, rainfall may increase, days get shorter and leaves turn brown and start to fall from the trees. Animals grow thicker fur and gain weight in preparation for hibernation.
During winter, temperatures are coldest, sometimes accompanied with ice and snowfall. If it is winter then the area is furthest away from the sun therefore there is less light and days are shorter. Many species go into hibernation and trees lie dormant. In countries above the equator, winter occurs between December and March and below the equator, June to September, the complete opposite to summer.
Building up to summer means that during spring the weather gradually gets warmer, with plants beginning to grow and animals come out of hibernation. Weather can be temperamental with rain and sun being unpredictable.
We can gain much by studying the seasons, we learn to understand the world around us, when to make preparations for changes in our environment, when to grow fresh foods and which food to choose throughout the year.
Have a nice day!