Day 4 World Braille Day

Research (conducted by Bourne et al, 2017) estimated that 36 million people were blind in 2015, which had increased by 17.6% since 1990. That is a lot of people, can you imagine life without your sight?

Braille is a writing/reading code used by people who are blind or visually impaired. It consists of over 60 possible combinations of raised dots to represent numbers, letters and punctuation. The raised dots are in cells of 6 dots arranged in 2 equal rows and are identified by the arrangement of raised dots. The idea behind the dots being raised is so that a person who is blind or visually impaired can trace their fingertips over them and feel the patterns, reading from left to right, line by line.

World Braille Day is celebrated today (4th January) every year as this was the birth date of Louis Braille, the inventor of this amazing code. Braille has allowed for a better quality of life for people who are visually impaired. It is celebrated to raise awareness and to encourages diversity and a level of understanding.

Today I learnt the Braille alphabet. The black dots would be raised so that you can feel the code.

Try for yourself.

Have a nice day!

Chloé

References

Bourne RRA, Flaxman SR, Braithwaite T, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Jonas JB, et al.; Vision Loss Expert Group. Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017.

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